Monthly Archives: October 2008

Discovering a new life form in the hot springs of Yellowstone

Two million tourists visit Yellowstone National Park each year to watch wildlife and view the spectacular scenery. Scientists home in on its hot springs, exploring their ecology and plumbing their scalding waters in search of highly adapted, heretofore-undiscovered microorganisms.Don Bryant, Ernest C. Pollard Professor of Biotechnology at Penn State, and David Ward, a microbial ecologist at Montana State University, found a new heat-loving bacterium that survives by transforming light into chemical energy. Bryant characterizes finding this new chlorophyll-producing microbe as “the discovery of a lifetime.”

Read the full story on Live: http://live.psu.edu/story/34950/nw1

Food Innovator to Serve Next Visiting Chef Dinner at Penn College

Pennsylvania College of Technology Logo

Pennsylvania College of Technology Logo

An innovator and leader in the science of food and flavor will visit Pennsylvania College of Technology’s campus in November as part of the School of Hospitality’s Visiting Chef Series.During his stay, Chef Steven Schimoler, owner and chef of Crop Bistro & Bar in Cleveland, will mentor students as they prepare the Visiting Chef Dinner, to be served Friday, Nov. 7, to benefit scholarship funds. He’ll also offer students a lecture on “culinology,” or food science.

Schimoler opened his first restaurant on Long Island, The Terrace on the Plaza, at age 23. Soon, he had three additional restaurants in the New York area, establishing him as one of the city’s top culinary talents.

In 1990, he sold his restaurants and moved to Vermont, where he became the vice president of product development at Cabot Creamery. There, he developed a process that incorporated liquids into butter, enabling the creamery to distribute nationally a unique line of flavored butters. This was the first of many innovations created by the chef over the last two decades. After Cabot, Schimoler started his own product-development firm called the Right Stuff, was general

manager of culinary business development for Sysco Foods, and was director of innovation and development for Nestlé North America.

He is the author of a cookbook titled “The Mist Grill: Rustic Cooking from Vermont,” based on a 200-year-old gristmill that he renovated and converted into a successful restaurant. He has appeared on television in “Food Nation with Bobby Flay” and the PBS “Master Chef” series, and he is a regularly featured writer for Flavor & The Menu magazine.

He has played a leadership role in the advancement of culinary science and has served as the president of the Research Chefs Association, where he remains on the board of directors. His deep knowledge of food science and the culinary process allows him to enliven the dining experience like very few other chefs. At Crop Bistro, he combines the art and science of flavor with an ounce of wit to produce a truly unique dining experience.

Tickets for the six-course Visiting Chef dinner, scheduled for 6:30 p.m. in the college’s Le Jeune Chef Restaurant, are $140. Net proceeds will be used for annual scholarship awards and endowed scholarship funds. To reserve seats, call the Special Events Office at Penn College at (570) 320-5229.

The menu and wines for Schimoler’s Visiting Chef Dinner:

Smoked trout cakes

Dr. Konstantin Frank, Dry Riesling, 2007, Finger Lakes, N.Y.

Duck and pumpkin pie with black pepper whip

Bonterra Vineyards, Viognier, 2006, Mendocino County, Calif.

Arugula with caramelized pear vinaigrette and frico tuille

Mioneto, Prosecco, NV, Veneto, Italy

Seared lamb loin with griddled polenta, root vegetable ragout, fig gastrique

Luigi Bosca, Malbec, 2005, D.O.C., Mendoza, Argentina

Clos Mimi, “Petite Rousse” Syrah, 2005, Paso Robles, Calif.

“Cropsicles”

Gingered apple croustade

Montevina Terra D’oro, Moscato, 2006, Amador County, Calif.

To learn more about Schimoler and Crop Bistro & Bar, visit http://www.cropbistro.com.

To learn more about the School of Hospitality at Penn College, visit http://www.pct.edu/schools/hos or call (570) 327-4505. For information about Penn College, visit http://www.pct.edu, e-mail admissions@pct.edu or call toll-free (800) 367-9222.

Researchers study how pistachios may improve heart health

University Park, Pa. — Going green may be heart healthy if the green you choose is pistachio nuts, according to researchers at Penn State who conducted the first study to investigate the way pistachios lower cholesterol.”We investigated mechanisms of action to explain the cholesterol-lowering effects of the pistachio diets,” says Sarah K. Gebauer, recent Penn State Ph.D. recipient, currently a post-doctoral research associate, USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center.

The researchers conducted a randomized, crossover design, controlled feeding experiment to test the effects of pistachios added to a heart healthy moderate-fat diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Controlled feeding experiments provide all the food eaten by study subjects for the duration of the study segment.

The participants began the study by eating a typical American diet consisting of 35 percent total fat and 11 percent saturated fat for two weeks. They then tested three diets for four weeks each with about a two-week break between each diet. All three diets were variations on the Step I Diet, a cholesterol-lowering diet in general use. The diets included, as a control, a Step I Diet with no pistachios and about 25 percent total fat and 8 percent saturated fat. The pistachio enhanced diets were Step I Diets with 10 and 20 percent of the energy supplied by pistachio nuts, respectively. The 10 percent pistachio diet had 30 percent total fat and 8 percent saturated fat and the 20 percent pistachio diet had 34 percent total fat and 8 percent saturated fat.

The participants ate half their pistachios as a snack and the rest incorporated into meals.

The researchers report in the most recent issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition that “Inclusion of pistachios in a healthy diet beneficially affects cardiovascular disease risk factors in a dose-dependent manner, which may reflect effects on Stearoyl CoA Desaturase (SCD). ” The researchers used the ratio of two fatty acids, 16:1 and 16:0 in plasma as a marker for SCD, an enzyme that is involved in the body’s synthesis of fatty acids.

“SCD is an important enzyme involved in cholesterol metabolism,” says Gebauer.

They found the ratio of 16:1/16:0 was significantly lower, suggesting a decrease in SCD activity, after eating the 20 percent energy pistachio diet compared to the control diet which had no pistachios. Also, the change in the 16:1/16:0 ratio was correlated with the change in cholesterol, suggesting that SCD activity may contribute to the lipid-lowering effects of pistachios. That, accompanied by the dose-dependent effects of the pistachios, begins to unravel the way in which pistachios improve cardiovascular health.

Compared to the control diet, the 20 percent pistachio diet lowered LDL cholesterol — bad cholesterol — about 12 percent and the 10 percent energy pistachio diet lowered LDL cholesterol by 9 percent that suggests a 9 to 12 percent decrease in coronary heart disease risk. The relationships of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol to HDL cholesterol may be more powerful predictors of cardiovascular risk. The effects of the 10 and 20 percent energy diets showed a dose dependent effect on these ratios.

However, the researchers note that the reduction in LDL cholesterol observed was seven times greater than would be expected from only the fatty acid profile of pistachios. They suggest that the lipid lowering effects not only reflect the fatty acid profile of the diet, but also are the result of other bioactive substances in pistachios, perhaps phytosterols and fiber.

“Our study has shown that pistachios, eaten with a heart healthy diet, may decrease a person’s CVD risk profile, says Penny Kris-Etherton, distinguished professor of nutrition and primary investigator of the study.”

Researchers conducting the study included Gebauer; Kris-Etherton; Sheila G. West, associate professor of biobehavioral health; and Deborah Bagshaw, clinical coordinator, Penn State; Colin D. Kay, former Penn State post doctoral associate now at the University of East Anglia, UK; and P. Alaupovic, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City.

U.S. pistachio growers supported this study. Partial support also came from the NIH- supported GCRC at Penn State.

Orchards work together to reduce pesticides

In Pennsylvania, 400,000 tons of tree fruit such as apples, peaches, cherries and pears are produced each year, with more than 50,000 orchards and vineyards spanning the state. Internal fruit worms such as Oriental fruit moth and codling moth pose a serious economic threat to this valuable industry.

According to Jeff Mizer, Penn State extension education in Snyder county, fruit-damaging worms not only reduce marketability of the fruits they infest, but can cause the rejection of entire truckloads of apples at processing plants, which has occurred in Pennsylvania and other states. “In Snyder County, 11 orchards are working together under a Penn State apple worm monitoring project. The project was previously funded by Penn State and the PA Horticulture Association of Pennsylvania, but starting in 2006 the project was funded by the growers themselves,” said Miser.

Read the full story on Live: http://live.psu.edu/story/34875/nw1

November Campus Events at Bucknell

NOTE: Schedules and information are subject to change. If you’re driving from some distance to attend an event at Bucknell, you may want to call to confirm time and place. Call 570-577-3260 before 4:30 p.m. or 570-577-2000 after 4:30 p.m.; check http://www.bucknell.edu/Events.xml for calendar updates. A printable version of this calendar is available at http://www.bucknell.edu/events.

DANCE

Nov. 7. Bucknell Dance Company fall dance showcase, 8 p.m., Powers Theatre, Coleman Hall. Admission: $3.

Nov. 8. Bucknell Dance Company fall dance showcase, 2 p.m., Powers Theatre, Coleman Hall. Admission: $3.

EXHIBITS

Now to Dec. 31. Bertrand Library. “100 Nations: Native Americans in the 21st Century,” a photo exhibit by Obaidullah Mamoon, level 2.

Now. Bertrand Library. “Women’s Studio Workshop.” An exhibit featuring selected artists’ books published by the Women’s Studio Workshop in Rosendale, N.Y. Founded in 1974, the Workshop supports an Artist-in-Residence program, Summer Arts Institute, internships for younger artists, and classes focused on papermaking, printing, book arts, photography, and ceramics. James A. Russell exhibit area, Lower Level 1.

Now to Dec. 9. Samek Art Gallery, main gallery. “The Space of Freedom: Apartment Exhibitions in Leningrad (1964-1986).” Visitors will enter a recreated Soviet communal apartment with 60 paintings, drawings and prints. This exhibit is part of the university’s “Peace & Resistance” program series.

Now to Dec. 9. Samek Art Gallery, project room. “Collection Focus II: Transformed Spaces/Invented Narratives.” The works of contemporary artists working in photographic media, all recent additions to the Gallery’s permanent collection. This exhibit is part of the university’s “Peace & Resistance” program series.

FILMS

Nov. 7. Hilltop Film Series. 8 p.m., Gallery Theatre, Elaine Langone Center.

Nov. 14. Hilltop Film Series. 8 p.m., Gallery Theatre, Elaine Langone Center.

Nov. 21. Hilltop Film Series. 8 p.m., Gallery Theatre, Elaine Langone Center.

Nov. 28. No film: Thanksgiving break.

LECTURES

Nov. 4. Samek Art Gallery Lecture Series. “The Creative Act as Unwitting Dissent in Soviet Underground Art,” Joseph Troncale, director of the Museum of Non-conformist Art in St. Petersburg, Russia, 5 p.m., Gallery Theatre, Elaine Langone Center. This talk (rescheduled from Oct. 24) is held in conjunction with the exhibition “The Space of Freedom: Apartment Exhibitions in Leningrad (1964-1986).”

Nov. 10. Kristallnacht Observance. “Journey to a Hate-free Millennium,” Brent Scarpo, director of the film, “Journey to a Hate-free Millennium: Stories of Hope and Compassion,” 7 p.m., Gallery Theatre, Elaine Langone Center.

Nov. 10. Lecture. “Buddhist Wisdom and the Foundations of Zen Humor,” Dale Wright, Occidental College, 7 p.m., Forum, Elaine Langone Center.

MUSIC

Nov. 2. Faculty Concert. Mary Hannigan, flute, and Barry Hannigan, piano, 4 p.m., Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building. The program will include two sonatas by J. S. Bach, and works by Schumann and Lowell Liebermann, and will feature a piece for solo flute and dancer; Kelly Knox of Bucknell’s Dance Department will join Mary Hannigan for a presentation of a work by Colorado composer Alexandra Pierce.

Nov. 5. Jazz at Bucknell. Jazz pianist Bill Carrothers with Anthony Marino, bass, and Phil Haynes, drums, 8:30 p.m., Bucknell Hall.

Nov. 8. Senior Recital. Kerry Flanigan, conductor and mezzo-soprano, 3 p.m., Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

Nov. 8. Weis Center Series. “Da’ak: Tea Music,” Korean dance, music, scroll painting and tea ceremonies with Da’ak, 8 p.m., Weis Center. Tickets: $20.

Nov. 11. Gallery Series. Clocked Out Duo: Erik Griswold and Vanessa Tomlinson, 8 p.m., Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

Nov. 13. Student recitals. noon, Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

Nov. 14. Concert. Bucknell Jazz Band, 7:30 p.m., Weis Center.

Nov. 15. Concert. Bucknell University Orchestra, 7:30 p.m., Weis Center.

Nov. 15. Student Concert Committee Event. “Campus Consciousness Tour” with O.A.R., with opening act Virginia Coalition, 8 p.m. Sojka Pavilion. Tickets: $30; doors open at 7.

Nov. 18. Lecture and Concert. Penn State Chamber Singers, 7 and 8 p.m., Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

Nov. 20. Student recitals, noon, Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

Nov. 21. Weis Center Series. Hungarian Virtuosi Orchestra with Miklos Szenthelyi, violin soloist, and Judit Faludi, cello soloist, 8 p.m., Weis Center. Tickets: $20. The program includes music by Handel-Halvorsen, Paganini, Kreisler and Tchaikovsky.

Nov. 22. Concert. Bucknell Symphonic Band, 7:30 p.m., Weis Center.

Nov. 23. Concert. Bucknell University Concert Chorale, 2:30 p.m., Weis Center.

Nov. 23. Senior composition recital. Christina Butera, 7 p.m., Rooke Recital Hall, Weis Music Building.

POETRY

Nov. 18. Annual Drew Darrow Memorial Poetry Reading. Oni Buchanan, 7 p.m., Bucknell Hall.

SPORTS

Nov. 1. Women’s soccer vs. American, 1 p.m.; men’s and women’s swimming vs. Duquesne and Saint Francis, Pa., 2 p.m.

Nov. 7. Women’s volleyball vs. Holy Cross, 7 p.m.

Nov. 8. Men’s and women’s swimming vs. Navy, Lafayette and American, noon; football vs. Lafayette, 1 p.m.; women’s volleyball vs. Army, 5 p.m.

Nov. 14. Women’s volleyball vs. Lehigh, 7 p.m.

Nov. 15. Women’s volleyball vs. Lafayette, 5 p.m.

Nov. 16. Wrestling vs. Missouri, 1 p.m.

Nov. 18. Men’s basketball vs. Boston University, 7 p.m.

Nov. 22. Bucknell Invitational – men’s and women’s swimming, 9 a.m.; football vs. Fordham, 1 p.m.

Nov. 23. Bucknell Invitational – men’s and women’s swimming, 9 a.m.

Nov. 24. Wresting vs. Army, 7 p.m.

Nov. 25. Women’s basketball vs. Drexel, 5 p.m.; men’s basketball vs. Old Dominion, 7 p.m.

Nov. 29. Men’s basketball vs. Wagner, 7 p.m.

The price of admission to football games is $8 for adults, $5 for youth under 18 and senior citizens; 12 and under free admission. Season tickets for football are $50 for reserved seats, $40 for general admission.

The price of admission to men’s basketball games is $8 for adults, $4 for seniors 62 and older, and youth 18 and under; women’s basketball tickets are $4 for adults, $2 for senior citizens 62 and older and youth 18 and under. Season tickets for men’s basketball are $160, and $45 for women’s basketball.

Advance tickets (football and basketball) are available weekdays at the Campus box office in the Weis Center 11 a.m. to 5 p.m., and the Elaine Langone Center box office (Bookstore) 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Call 570-577-1000 for football or basketball ticket information; all other athletic events are free. For complete Bucknell athletics schedules and results, see http://www.BucknellBison.com.

Patriot League Tournaments: field hockey Nov. 7 and 8 (highest seed); women’s soccer Nov. 7 and 9 (highest seed); men’s soccer Nov. 14 and 16 (highest seed); volleyball Nov. 21 and 22 (highest seed). For more information, see http://www.patriotleague.com.

WORSHIP SERVICES

The following services are held each week during the school year, with the public invited to attend:

Catholic Mass: Saturday, 4:30 p.m., Rooke Chapel; Sunday, 4 p.m., Rooke Chapel. No Masses Nov. 29 and Nov. 30: Thanksgiving break.

Episcopal Eucharist: Wednesday, noon, Meditation Chapel. No service Nov. 26: Thanksgiving break.

Jewish Services: Kabbalat Shabbat Service and Dinner, Friday at 5:30 p.m., Berelson Center for Jewish Life, 632 St. George St. No services Nov. 28: Thanksgiving break.

Mindfulness Meditation: Monday, 4:45 p.m. and Tuesday, 8:30 a.m., Meditation Chapel, Rooke Chapel.

Interdenominational Worship Service: Sunday, 11 a.m., Rooke Chapel.

Nov. 2. Tim Dugan, Interim University Chaplain, speaking. Voices of Praise Gospel Choir. Holy Communion.

Nov. 9. Tim Dugan, Interim University Chaplain, speaking. Rooke Chapel Choir and Rooke Chapel Ringers.

Nov. 16. Tim Dugan, Interim University Chaplain, speaking. Student musicians.

Nov. 23. Tim Dugan, Interim University Chaplain, speaking. Rooke Chapel Choir and Rooke Chapel Ringers.

Nov. 30. No service: Thanksgiving break.

HOURS

Bertrand Library (570-577-1881): Monday through Thursday, 7 a.m. to 2 a.m.; Friday 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Saturday 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Sunday 9 a.m. to 1 a.m., or as posted: http://www.bucknell.edu/x1263.xml

Bookstore (570-577-1128): Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.; Saturday, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., no Sunday hours. Special hours: open Nov. 8, 8:30 am. to 5 p.m. for Trustees Weekend; closed Nov. 26 (at noon) and Nov. 27, 28, 29 for Thanksgiving holiday; http://www.bucknellbookstore.com.

Campus Box Office (570-577-1000): Weis Center lobby, Monday through Friday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Elaine Langone Center Box Office [Bookstore] (570-577-1000): Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Samek Art Gallery (570-577-3792): Monday through Friday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Thursday 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday, 1 to 5 p.m.; and by appointment. Closed during university recesses.